Fully-independent Rehabilitation

Since many of the methods listed as "renovation" techniques are capable of being designed to function independently of the existing host pipe, it is possible that such techniques can be considered to provide a "replacement" of the existing pipe. This possibility is recorded here but, for simplicity, all the renovation methods are not relisted. The key distinction separating a replacement liner from a renovation liner is whether the liner installed can carry all the internal loads and external ground/groundwater loads without relying on the existing host pipe to carry some of the loading or considering it to provide an enhancement for the liner against buckling failure.